Year 5 maths – Your child needs to know:

Number and place value

  • Reading, writing, ordering and comparing numbers to at least 1,000,000
  • Counting forwards and backwards with positive and negative numbers
  • Rounding any number up to one million to the nearest 10, 100, 1000, 10,000, 100,000


  • Adding and subtracting with numbers up to four digits using column addition and subtraction
  • Identifying factors and multiples of different numbers
  • Identifying prime numbers
  • Multiplying four-digit numbers with two-digit numbers using long multiplication
  • Dividing four-digit numbers by one-digit numbers using short division
  • Multiplying whole numbers and decimals by 10, 100 and 1000
  • Recognising and using square numbers and cube numbers
  • Solving problems involving all four operations

Fractions, decimals and percentages

  • Comparing and ordering fractions whose denominators are all multiples of the same number
  • Converting from mixed numbers to improper fractions
  • Adding and subtracting fractions whose denominators are multiples of the same number
  • Multiplying proper fractions and mixed numbers by whole numbers
  • Rounding decimals with two places to the nearest whole number and to one decimal place
  • Comparing numbers with up to three decimal places
  • Beginning to understand percentages
  • Knowing percentage and decimal equivalents of 1/2, 1/4, 1/5, 2/5 and 4/5


  • Converting between units of measurement
  • Working out the perimeter and area of shapes (including irregular shapes)
  • Solving problems involving money and measures
  • Solving problems involving converting between units of time


  • Drawing and measuring angles
  • Finding angles around a point, on a straight line and within a right angle


  • Solving comparison, sum and difference problems using information presented in a line graph
  • Completing and interpreting information in tables, including timetables
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